In the seventeenth century the term "carnival" begins to predominate in Europe for festivals characterized by disguises, processions, the establishment of a rule of mockery with its own hierarchy and exuberant eating and drinking. In the Middle Ages there was mention of the Shrove Tuesday celebration, where you could celebrate noisily again with a lot of food and drink before then entering the Roman Catholic Lent period as from Ash Wednesday in preparation for Easter. In one of the explanations for the word "carnival" the relationship between the exuberant festival and the ensuing fasting is established: "carne vale" means "farewell meat". Another explanation for the word consists of the supposed derivation from "carrus navalis", a ship's waggon with disguised revellers on board that was pulled through the streets in the Shrove Tuesday period.
Carnival in Holland
Carnival is a festival that holds the daily life in mostly the provinces Limburg and North Brabant in its clutches for three whole days. Carnival revellers march disguised through the streets and meet each other in pubs and festival halls. The festival localities are decorated with masks and streamers and the festival music has its own carnival repertoire.
The date of the celebration depends on the movable date on which Easter is celebrated yearly. The seventh Sunday before Easter Sunday is Carnival Sunday. On Carnival Saturday or Sunday the many Prince Carnivals ritually take over the power of the civil authorities in villages and towns ( the transfer of power or transfer of keys) and celebrate with their subjects, the carnival revellers, the temporary establishment of their fools' kingdom. Carnival revellers disguise themselves in their own choice of dress and take possession of the street and cafés in a three-day carnival drunken revel. On one of the three Carnival days the procession marches through the streets: the victory procession of Prince Carnival. And on Carnival Tuesday around midnight in many places they bid farewell to the fools' kingdom and its Prince in a collective closing ritual. Carnival mascots and symbols are then burned, buried or drowned. On Ash Wednesday daily life begins again.