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English to Portuguese: Abstract of the scientific article: The epidemiology of sarcopenia in community living older adults: what role does lifestyle play? General field: Medical Detailed field: Nutrition
Source text - English Abstract
Background Sarcopenia, the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function, is a relatively poorly understood process which may play an important role in the incidence of physical disability and falls in older adults. Evidence demonstrates that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to increased susceptibility for sarcopenia development, yet some of these factors may represent unavoidable consequences of ageing.
Methods A review of literature, generally from epidemiological research, was performed to examine the influence that potentially modifiable lifestyle factors (general physical activity, dietary nutrient intake and sun exposure), as well as chronic disease and medication use, may have on sarcopenia progression.
Results The review demonstrated that while physical activity, nutrient intake and sun exposure often decline during ageing, each may have important but differing benefits for the prevention of muscle mass and functional declines in older adults. Conversely, age-related increases in the prevalence of chronic diseases and the subsequent prescription of pharmacotherapy may exacerbate sarcopenia progression.
Conclusions The prevalence of poor physical activity, diet and sun exposure, as well as chronic disease and medication use, within older adult populations may be modifiable through simple lifestyle and health care interventions. As such, these factors may represent the most effective targets for sarcopenia prevention during the ageing process.
Keywords Sarcopenia . Epidemiology. Physical activity. Diet . Vitamin D . Chronic disease
Translation - Portuguese Resumo
Contexto Sarcopenia, o declínio de massa e função do músculo esquelético relacionado à idade, é um processo relativamente pouco compreendido, que pode desempenhar um papel importante na incidência de incapacidade física e quedas em idosos. Evidências demonstram que ambos fatores genéticos e ambientais contribuem para o aumento da suscetibilidade ao desenvolvimento da sarcopenia, mas alguns desses fatores podem representar consequências inevitáveis do envelhecimento.
Métodos Uma revisão da literatura, comumente a partir de pesquisa epidemiológica, foi realizada para investigar a influência que fatores de estilo de vida potencialmente modificáveis (atividade física em geral, ingestão de nutrientes na dieta e exposição solar), bem como doenças crônicas e uso de medicações, podem ter na progressão da sarcopenia.
Resultados A revisão demonstrou que, enquanto a atividade física, a ingestão de nutrientes e a exposição ao sol diminuem frequentemente durante o envelhecimento, cada um pode ter benefícios importantes, ainda que distintos, na prevenção do declínio de massa e função muscular em idosos. Em contrapartida, o aumento relacionado à idade na prevalência de doenças crônicas e subsequente prescrição de farmacoterapia podem exacerbar a progressão da sarcopenia.
Conclusões A prevalência de atividade física, dieta e exposição ao sol insuficientes, bem como doenças crônicas e uso de medicamentos, entre a população mais idosa, pode ser modificada por meio de simples intervenções no estilo de vida e cuidados de saúde. Portanto, esses fatores podem representar os pontos mais efetivos para a prevenção da sarcopenia durante o processo de envelhecimento.
Palavras-chave Sarcopenia. Epidemiologia. Atividade física. Dieta. Vitamina D. Doença crônica
Other - Daniel Brilhante de Brito School
Years of translation experience: 1. Registered at ProZ.com: Aug 2018.
The English language has been part of my daily life since I was 10 years old. That was the age I started studying English and besides I’m from Brazil, I have always been involved with English through books, movies, music etc.
During my undergraduate sophomore year, I had the great opportunity to live in the United States as an exchange student, sponsored by a Brazilian federal scholarship program, the Science without borders. I spent 14 months learning and living a different, yet similar, American culture, and could also meet wonderful new other cultures by people from all over the world. I have known people from India, Japan, China, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Peru, and so many other countries. I was truly amazed at every and each person I have met and for that experience of living in the USA, I realized my passion for languages.
Back in Brazil, I’ve completed my bachelor degree in human nutrition and dietetics. I worked as a clinical dietitian for almost 6 months but wasn’t satisfied. I decided to try and got the courage to completely change my profession. I started to work as an English teacher at a language school and also for private students.
In 2018 I learned about the translation world and I was fascinated. I have started a specialization course in English translation at the Daniel Brilhante de Brito School. Nowadays I’m also working as an English to Portuguese translator. My areas of expertise are nutrition, medical, human science, education, and games.