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English to Chinese: Effects of the Attributes of Educational Interventions on Students’ Academic Performance A Meta-Analysis
Source text - English The purpose of this literature review is to systematically examine policy and practice intervention research and assess the impact of those interventions on high school dropout and school completion rates. This systematic review extends the literature by (a) describing both policy and practice interventions, (b) synthesizing findings from experimental or quasi-experimental research, and (c) examining the common elements of effective interventions. Specifically, this review addresses two main questions. First, what are the characteristics of the empirical literature examining high school dropout or school completion interventions? Second, what are the common elements of effective policy or practice interventions for reducing high school dropout rates or increasing school completion rates? Findings indicate that despite research highlighting the need to address multiple risk factors and the need for early intervention, the bulk of current empirical research is focused on single-component, individual, or small group interventions delivered at the high school level. Further research is needed to provide guidance to schools regarding the integration of dropout efforts with other school initiatives. Multitiered frameworks of support are suggested as a structure for accomplishing this effectively and efficiently.
This meta-analysis examined the influence of attributes related to the implementation of learning strategy instruction interventions on students’ academic performance, and also examined how the attributes related to the method of testing the intervention effects affected the actual effects measured. Using metaregression, we analyzed the influence of the subject domain in which the intervention was implemented, the implementer, its duration and intensity, student cooperation, and research method aspects (including measurement instrument). Most attributes moderated the intervention effect. Using forward regression analysis, we only needed four attributes to obtain the best model, however. This analysis showed that the intervention effect was lower when a standardized test was used for evaluation instead of an unstandardized test. Interventions implemented by assistants or researchers were more effective than those implemented by teachers or using computers. Cooperation had a negative, and session duration a positive, contribution. Together, these attributes explained 63.2% of the variance in effect, which stresses the importance of emphasizing not only the instructional focus of an intervention but also its other attributes.
Translation - Chinese 运用整合分析法（Meta-Analysis）对教学干预手段影响学生学业表现若干因素的效果分析
English to Chinese: Singapore's Up-and-coming Neighourhoods
Source text - English Staid, efficient, clean, dull. Singapore has been described as all these things but change is coming. Singapore now has its finger firmly on the pulse, and in-the-know locals are spoiled for choice with indie bookstores, craft markets and speciality coffee shops popping up across the island. Experience an unexpected side to Asia's most glamorous city in one of these neighbourhoods on the rise.
The buzz began in 2011 when 40 Hands Coffee (an espresso-coffee café; 78 Yong Siak St) and Books Actually (an indie bookstore that also publishes under its Maths Paper Press imprint; www.booksactually.com; 9 Yong Siak St) opened shop. Today, a whole slew of boutique joints have turned the area into Singapore’s coolest enclave. Tiong Bahru’s status as a hipster haven was unofficially cemented when Books Actually was selected to host a pop-up Monocle store coinciding with publisher Tyler Brûlé’s visit to Singapore.
This neighbourhood has a little bit of everything. ……
If fixies aren't your thing, seek refuge in the old school Tiong Bahru market. This hawker centre has been around since 1955 and is proof that newer isn’t necessarily better…or in this case yummier.
Chinatown: old is new is old
Chinatown has many guises: it's partly a tourist trap, but is also home to an array of Chinese clan associations, a mosque, an elaborate Indian temple and even the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum.
Chinatown is also no stranger to resourceful entrepreneurship, from secret cocktail haunts to hand-painted shoes. For a hush-hush drinking hole, look for the unmarked door fronting 28 Hong Kong St (www.28hks.com; 28 Hong Kong St). This cocktail bar thrives on secrecy and word of mouth - the website only has an email address and the bar rejects media requests for reviews. Make sure you book ahead if you want a seat. Cocktails such as the Corpse Reviver, Whore’s Bath and Literate Lass are sure to tickle more than your tastebuds.
Chinatown Market on Smith Street is to go-to spot for cheap grub, and thirsty travellers will salivate at the selection of boutique beers at the Good Beer Company (stall 02-58). Tucked away in the corner, owner Daniel Goh serves up more than 50 beers and ciders. Try Taiwanese lychee beer, Trappist ales, pear and apple ciders, and even local beers made by Jungle Beer microbrewery.
If you’re still after low-fi, try visiting the Thieves Market (Sungei Road) where you’ll find old-timers hawking everything from old Olivetti typewriters to LPs to mobile phones (that may or may not work). Hurry as the government are planning on relocating the market to make way for a new subway station…and perhaps a new bar or three.
对于消息灵通的商人来说，牛车水绝对是个轻车熟路的地方，从隐秘的鸡尾酒吧到手工绘制的鞋子都能找到。想去一个秘密的地方饮酒，就去无招牌的28 Hong Kong St (www.28hks.com, 位于Hong Kong 第28街)。这个鸡尾酒吧以它的保密性和好口碑而生意兴隆 - 它的网站上只有一个电邮地址，而且这个酒吧谢绝任何媒体的评论。如果想要前往的话，记得一定要提前订座。酒吧里的鸡尾酒如Corpse Reviver, Whore’s Bath 以及Literate Lass等等满足的绝对不仅仅只是你的味蕾。
位于史密斯街上的牛车水市场是便宜货的必淘之地，口渴的游客可以到Good Beer Company (店号02-58)畅饮让人垂涎的美味啤酒。啤酒店设在街头一角，店主Daniel Goh 提供超过50种啤酒和果酒供客人选择。去尝尝台湾的荔枝啤酒，Trappist ales啤酒，梨子和苹果酒，还有当地啤酒坊Jungle Beer microbrewery自己酿造的啤酒。
English to Chinese: Canon’s Digital Photo Professional (DPP)
Source text - English Canon’s Digital Photo Professional (DPP) is a free, and surprisingly powerful, image organising and editing application that ships in the box with every EOS camera. You’ll find DPP on the EOS Digital Solution Disk alongside other very useful Canon developed software, such as EOS Utility. CPN writer George Cairns takes a closer look at the capabilities of the DPP software up to version 3.13.0.
If you consider your RAW images files as digital negatives then, like traditional negatives, they need to be processed in order to reveal their true colours and tones. DPP has all the digital darkroom tools you’ll need to claw back highlight or shadow details, banish colour casts and crop to improve composition.
Digital Photo Professional is specially designed to work closely with your Canon EOS camera and lenses, thus enabling you to correct more challenging problems such as chromatic aberration and lens-related artifacts such as distortion and vignetting. In this article we’ll take you on a comprehensive tour of the powerful features of this Canon image processing software.
Keeping up to date and setting up
At the time of writing the latest incarnation of Digital Photo Professional software is version 3.13.0, but it’s well worth keeping DPP up to date. The latest version supports new Canon lenses and recognises RAW format files from the more recent Canon EOS DSLR cameras. If you’ve got an older version of DPP already installed on your computer it’s free to update it. Indeed, if you’ve lost your software disk, you can download and install DPP for free.
To download an update for DPP (or install it from scratch) just click here for the Canon Europe Download Centre, then select your product type and camera model details and select the software option. The menu will offer a variety of downloads such as ImageBrowser EX, EOS Utility and EOS Digital Solution Disk Software, so scroll down and click on the appropriate link to download DPP for Mac or Windows. While you’re there, you can also download a copy of the EOS Utility software. You will also find a copy of DPP’s manual, which will help you to further maxmise all of the functionalities of the software.
Once DPP and the EOS Utility have been installed, plug your Canon EOS camera into your computer. If you’ve already opened DPP you can choose ‘Tools > Start EOS Utility’ from the main window’s menu. In EOS Utility, go to ‘Preferences’ and choose ‘Linked Software’ in the drop-down menu. In the ‘Linked Software’ menu, choose ‘Digital Photo Professional’. Click ‘Register’, choose the file types that you want DPP to open as soon as the EOS Utility has imported them, then Click ‘OK’.
As your digital collection continues to grow it can be an increasing challenge to manage it. By default most image processing apps display photos according to shooting date and DPP is no exception. However, DPP enables you to sort imported images by assigning ratings or check marks to them.
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