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Translation - English Forests and Climate Change
A climate crisis is a problem across the entire globe. Human activity releases green house gasses, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) that trap the heat from the sun and increase temperatures. The rate of the temperatures at which happens even more than pessimistic predictions.
Forest loss and forest degradation contribute around 20% of all the CO2 released, as the carbon stored in the wood and the forest soil is released by burning or by biological decomposition. At the site of drying and conversions of forest swamps contribute even more per unit area as this process releases large amounts of methane, a much more potent green house gas than carbon dioxide.
Khmer (Central) to English: Case Study General field: Social Sciences Detailed field: Social Science, Sociology, Ethics, etc.
Title: A Case Study of the Influence of Natural Resource Management on Rural Livelihoods at the Forestry Administration Division of Kampong Tralach, Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia
TOP Meng Nguon
Cambodia is a small country in South East Asia, bordering Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam. The capital city is Phnom Penh (11°33′N 104°55′E), official language is Khmer, Government is democratic constitutional monarchy, total area is 181,035 km2 , population (1998 census was 11,437,656 and July 2005 was estimated 14,071,000), population density = 78/ km2. Local currency is Riel, although US Dollars are widely used.
More than two decades of internal conflict has left the country with little infrastructures. In the last 10 years, the Cambodian Government has been working to rebuild the country.
1.2 Research Issues
What has been a concern is that there are now small scale of illegal logging, hunting and forest land encroachment by local people near by forests and outsiders; this is a kind of income-generating forest activities. It is, in fact, a real concern that population growing and poor rural people will not be guaranteed that forest resources will support their daily lives without controlling by techniques of forests utilization. Rural people livelihoods need a special attention from the government of Cambodia not only the household level, but also rather people in those areas, in which the forest policy and actual implementation to ensure rural people livelihood is crucial. Therefore, the needs of people livelihoods to place on the development agenda of Cambodia are clearly critical because livelihoods related to various factors, education, social justice, credibility, etc. What is more, actually the Royal Government of Cambodia did show commitment to the issues of rural livelihoods through various actions, including on the September 2003 finalization of the Prakas on the reorganization of the Department of Forestry and Wildlife to a Forestry Administration, a new model for forest management in Cambodia has been emerging.
1.3 Objective of the study
Having recognized of the widespread of poverty and not properly controllable natural resource utilizing by people who their lives depend on forest and non-forest timber products, the Royal Government of Cambodia has embarked on many actions for poverty alleviation program for future sustainable forest resource management, including the signed memorandum of the December-2001 Capacity Building For Forestry Sector (CBFS) Project supported by JICA in order to tackle the forest issues.
o To determine the effects of community involvement in CF management
o To find out the community involvement in the current Forest Management Planning process.
o To explore the underlying root causes of rural poor relying on forest resources.
Khmer (Central) to English: Official Signing Document General field: Bus/Financial Detailed field: Business/Commerce (general)
Source text - Khmer (Central) របាយការណ៏វាយតម្លៃគំរោងពាក់កណ្តាលអាណត្តិរួមគ្នា
Translation - English REPORT ON THE JOINED EVALUATION OF THE MIDDLE-TERMED PROJECT
“JAPANESE TECHNICAL COOPERATION WITH THE PROJECT OF
THE CAPACITY BUILDING FOR FORESTY SECTOR PHASE II”
The Japanese evaluation team of the middle-termed project (“referring to “Japanese evaluation group”), which was established by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (referring to the group of “JICA”) leading by a representative of the JICA Head Quarter Office in Cambodia, Mr. Kazuhero Yoneda. The evaluation team evaluated the middle-termed project, starting from May 26 to June 17, 2008. The purpose is to evaluate the middle-termed project for the Capacity Building for Forestry Sector Phase II (“referring to “Project”).
For this purpose, the Japanese evaluation team and related Cambodian authorities had established the joined evaluation team (referring to “group”). The group had evaluated on the working process and the achievement results through monitoring at field and interviewing, and hold serial discussion on the desired measures for successful project implementation.
The evaluation team agreed on the contents of the evaluation report which has been attached hereby. The results of many discussions, the evaluation team agreed to make recommendation to both governments and the report document on those problems has also been attached hereby.
Phnom Penh, June 10, 2008
Kazuhero Yoneda Huot Bunary
Japanese evaluation team of the middle-termed project Cambodian evaluation team of the middle-termed project
Japan International Cooperation Agency Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
English to Khmer (Central): Wood Preservation General field: Science Detailed field: Forestry / Wood / Timber
Source text - English 3.0 WOOD PRESERVATION
Wood, a biological material, will decay over time but may be accelerated when exposed to bio-deteriorating agents (Figure 3.1). The rate bio-deterioration and decay or conversely natural durability may be different for different types/species of timber as there are natural constituents within the timber that deter attack by terrestrial organisms – notably the fungi, wood boring insects and termites. The natural durability of different types of woods are normally compared and rated by subjecting different species of wood to the same elements of natural environment. This resulted in the natural durability rating of timber such as non-durable, moderately durable, durable and very durable. It should be noted that the sapwood of all timbers regardless of their natural durability ratings are non-durable.
If timber are used in an environment that the risk of attack by bio-deteriorating agents is minimal, the service life of the timber may be increased tremendously. However, when use in exposed conditions, the service life of not so durable timber may be enhanced by chemical preservation.
There are various wood preservatives and treatment processes available today and the appropriate selection of these are crucial. This lecture elaborates the current wood treatment activities in Cambodia and followed by the various options, preservatives and treatment processes, available and currently used to treat tropical timber in this region.
Russian to Khmer (Central): Legend General field: Art/Literary Detailed field: Education / Pedagogy
Source text - Russian Лиса и тетерев
Сидел одножды на дереве тететрев. Подошла к нему лиса и говорит:
- Здравствуй, тетеревочек, мой дружочек! Как услышала твой голосочек, так и пришла тебя проведать.
- Спасибо на добром слове, - отвертил тетерев.
А лиса притворилась, что не расслышала, и говорит:
- Не слышу я, что ты говоришь. Ты бы, тетеревочек, мой дружочек, сощёл на травушку погулять, по говорить со мной, а то я с дерева не расслышу тебя.
- Боюсь я сходить на траву. Нам, птицам, опасно ходить по зимле.
- Неужели ты меня боишься? - спрасила лисица.
- Не тебя, а других зверей боюсь, - сказал тетерев.
- Всякие звери бывают.
- Нет, тетеревочек, мой дружочек, нынче указ объявлен, чтобы по всей земле мир был. Нынче уж звери друг друга не трогают.
- Вот это хорошо, - ответил тетерев, - а то вот собаки бегут; кабы по-старому, тебе бы уходить надо, а теперь тебе бояться нечего.
Лисица услыхала про собак, навострила уши и бросилась бежать.
- Куда ж ты? – спросил тетерев. – Ведь нынче указ вышел: собаки лис не трогают.
- А кто их знают? – прокричала в ответ лиса. – Может, они указа не слыхали.
И была такова.
English to Khmer (Central): Health Care General field: Medical Detailed field: Medical: Health Care
Source text - English KOD Revision (Healthcare Basics)
Birth Control Options
Birth control keeps you from getting pregnant during sex. There are many types of birth control. Some of the most common types are described below. New types are being tested all the time. Your healthcare provider can help you decide which type of birth control is best for you. But no matter which type you choose, you and your partner must use it the right way each time.
A condom is a thin covering that fits over the penis. (The female condom fits inside the vagina.) A condom catches sperm that come out of the penis during sex.
Spermicide is a gel, foam, cream, tablet, or sponge. It is put in the vagina before sex to kill sperm.
Diaphragm and Cervical Cap
Diaphragms and cervical caps are round rubber cups that keep sperm out of the uterus. They also hold spermicide in place.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
An IUD is a small device that is placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
The birth control pill is taken daily. It contains hormones that stop a woman’s body from releasing an egg each month.
Hormones that stop a woman’s egg from being released each month can be delivered in other ways. These include injection, implant, patch, or vaginal ring.
Emergency Contraception (EC)
Emergency contraception can help prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Hormone pills (“morning after pill”) are available over the counter to anyone over 18. A copper IUD needs to be inserted by a trained healthcare provider. EC can be used up to 5 days after sex. EC will not work if you’re already pregnant.
• Choose a type of birth control that is easy for you to use.
• Read the package to learn to use your birth control the right way.
• Most forms of birth control do not protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To protect against STIs, always use a latex condom.
End tint box
Translation - Khmer (Central) ការពិនិត្យមើលឡើងវិញ KOD Revision (មូលដ្ឋានសម្រាប់ការថែទាំសុខភាព Healthcare Basics)
English to Khmer (Central): Code of Ethics General field: Bus/Financial Detailed field: Business/Commerce (general)
Source text - English CODE OF ETHICS
Maidenform is committed to maintaining the highest standards of product quality and business integrity when dealing with customers and suppliers. As a result, all suppliers, their employees, temporary employees, and independent vendors throughout the world, as well as Maidenform employees who work with suppliers are expected to conduct themselves with the highest standards of honesty, fairness, and personal integrity. It is critical to the company stature to maintain high ethical standards by adhering to all applicable laws and avoiding even the perception of impropriety or conflict of interest. Those suppliers who comply with this Code of Ethics may be rewarded with additional business as a result of their standards being compatible to Maidenform. In contrast, Maidenform will not engage in business with those suppliers or vendors that are unable to abide by this Code of Ethics.
To ensure that our relationships with suppliers meet and support these standards, all Maidenform suppliers are expected to acknowledge their agreement with the Maidenform Code of Ethics and apply this code in all dealings with Maidenform.
i. Maidenform suppliers shall comply with all laws, regulations and policies applicable to them and their dealings with Maidenform, including all applicable government contractual requirements that flow down to the supplier through its contracts with Maidenform.
ii. No supplier, or its representatives or employees, shall offer to any Maidenform employee a kickback, favor, gratuity, entertainment or anything of value to obtain favorable treatment from Maidenform. Maidenform employees are similarly prohibited from soliciting such items. This prohibition extends to immediate family members of both suppliers and Maidenform employees. As long as a gift is not intended to obtain favorable treatment for the suppliers and does not create the appearance of a bribe, kickback, payoff or irregular type of payment, Maidenform employees are not prohibited from accepting the gift if: (1) it is not excessive in value, (2) it is not cash, (3) public disclosure would not embarrass Maidenform, (4) acceptance is consistent with Maidenform business practices and (5) acceptance of the gift does not violate any applicable law. Furthermore, Maidenform employees are prohibited from accepting IPO stock for Maidenform suppliers.
iii. No supplier shall enter into a financial or any other relationship with a Maidenform employee that creates a conflict of interest for Maidenform. A conflict of interest arises when the material personal interests of the Maidenform employee are inconsistent with the responsibilities of his/her position with the company. All such conflicts must be disclosed and corrected. Even the appearance of a conflict of interest can be damaging to Maidenform and to the supplier and therefore must be disclosed and approved by Maidenform management.
iv. Accurate and reliable financial and business records are of critical importance in meeting Maidenform’s financial, legal, and business obligations. Suppliers should not have any false or inaccurate entries in the accounting books or records related to Maidenform for any reason. Supplier business records must be retained in accordance with record retention policies and all applicable laws and regulations. We expect that Suppliers will comply with this policy, and with all applicable laws and regulations.
v. Suppliers are expected to comply with applicable insider trading and securities laws governing transactions in the securities of Maidenform. Securities include common stocks, bonds, options, futures, and other financial instruments. Suppliers that possess or have access to material, non-public information gained through their work with Maidenform may not use that information to trade in Maidenform securities or the securities of another company to which the information pertains. Employees of such Suppliers may not engage in any other action to take advantage of, or pass on to others, material information gained through work with Maidenform until a reasonable time after full public disclosure has occurred. These restrictions also apply to family members, friends, and associates. Material information includes any information that a reasonable investor would consider important in a decision to buy, hold, or sell securities. Such information may include financial and key business data; merger, acquisition, or divestiture discussions; award or information related to cancellation of a major contract; changes in key management; forecasts of unanticipated financial results; significant litigation; and gain or loss of a substantial customer or supplier.
vi. Maidenform suppliers shall not engage in collusive bidding, price fixing, price discrimination, or other unfair trade practices in violation of US federal or state antitrust laws.
vii. Maidenform suppliers will supply products that conform in all respects with the requirement of their contracts with Maidenform including, in particular, all applicable quality requirements.
viii. It is Maidenform policy to respect the intellectual property rights of others, such as trademarks, patents, copyrights, and trade secrets. Before utilizing the intellectual property rights of others, Supplier must obtain the necessary authorization.
ix. Maidenform suppliers shall promptly notify Maidenform of any known or suspected improper behavior by suppliers relating to their dealings with Maidenform, or any known or suspected improper behavior by Maidenform employees.
To report suspected violations of this Policy, call 402-572-5481 or contact Maidenform via e-mail to email@example.com.
1990-1997: Master of Science in Engineering,
Engineer Technologist at Saint-Petersburg
Forest Technical Academy, Russia.
2003-2006: Completed General English Program, at
Australian Center for Education (Grade 12, ACE),
Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Sept 2008: Completed Diploma of English and Advanced
Certificate at ACE, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
- 1999-2002: Forest Concession Company, Cambodia
- 2003-2010: Counterpart for the Japan
International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Project, Cambodia.
- 2008-2012: Project Manager of Gender Mainstreaming, Danida, Cambodia
- 1999-2002: Malaysian Forest Concession Company, Cambodia.
- 2003-present: Forestry Administration, Institute of Forest and Wildlife
Research and Development,
- 2002-2010: JICA Project (Japan), Local and International NGOs, Local
communities and competent authorities, and relevant institutions.
- 2008-2012: Danida Project (Denmark)
• IT (Information Technology)
• Telecom (munications)
• International Org / Dev / Coop
• Environment & Ecology
• Health Care
• Medical (general)
• Advertising / Public Relations
• Certificates, Diplomas, Licenses, CVs
• Forest Science
• Food & Dairy,
• General Technical Documents
• Training Manuals
• Law (general), Contracts, Patents, Trademarks, Copyright
• Business/Commerce (general)
• Natural Science
• Social Science
• Science (general)
• Mining & Minerals / Gems
• Power Generation
• Government & Politics
• Military / Defense
• Finance (general)
• Human Resources
• Tourism & Travel
• Taxation & Customs
Writing and translating books & reports:
- Economic survey/findings
- Overall Capacity Building Program For The Forestry Sector, June 2004,
Kingdom of Cambodia.
- Report Analyzing for the CBFS JICA Project.
- Other Official Documents.
- Audio Transcription and translation
- Video Narrated into Khmer
- Post-DTP Proofreading
- Khmer Translation Manuscript, Khmer copyediting
Keywords: Khmer native, English into Khmer, English - Khmer translations, Khmer - English translations, Khmer into English, Russian into Khmer, Russian into Khmer translations, English, Khmer, Russian, ecology, geology, GPS, GIS, health care, research papers, technical manuals, leaflets, organic, analysis, industrial, architecture, construction, environment, social issues, politics and government, community, wood preservation, development, transportation, bird flu, pandemics, economics, survey, local NGOs, international NGOs, international development, education, political science, women's rights, human rights, refugees, government, technical engineering, power generation, green technologies, tourism, anti-terrorism, translation of personal documents.
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