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James_xia
ProZ.com Professional Trainer
Ingenuity - For A Lifetime Career Only

China

Native in: Chinese (Variants: Traditional, Cantonese) Native in Chinese
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<b>Ingenuity - For A Lifetime Career Only!</b>
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Services Translation, Interpreting, Editing/proofreading, Website localization, Software localization, Voiceover (dubbing), Subtitling
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Words translated: 5,422

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English to Chinese - Rates: 0.05 - 0.08 EUR per word / 20 - 35 EUR per hour
German to Chinese - Rates: 0.05 - 0.08 EUR per word / 20 - 35 EUR per hour
Dutch to Chinese - Rates: 0.05 - 0.08 EUR per word / 20 - 35 EUR per hour
Spanish to Chinese - Rates: 0.05 - 0.08 EUR per word / 20 - 35 EUR per hour
Portuguese to Chinese - Rates: 0.05 - 0.08 EUR per word / 20 - 35 EUR per hour

KudoZ activity (PRO) PRO-level points: 52, Questions answered: 29, Questions asked: 4
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Glossaries Cable, Cosmetic, Mechanical, Medicine, menu, Travel
Translation education Bachelor's degree - SOUTHWEST NORMAL UNIVERISTY
Experience Years of translation experience: 14. Registered at ProZ.com: Aug 2005. Became a member: Dec 2005.
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Software memoQ, SDL TRADOS
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Contests won 9th ProZ.com Translation Contest: English to Chinese
Professional practices James_xia endorses ProZ.com's Professional Guidelines (v1.1).
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Professional Trainer with ProZ.com on the Creative Translation
First Place Winner of the 9th ProZ.com Translation Contest
Organizer of ProZ.com 2015 Regional Event in Chongqing
A Special Topic at Forum on Cross-Sector Translation


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*THE FOLLOWING SAMPLES CONTAIN NO SENSITIVE INFO ABOUT ANY OF THE COMPANIES OR INDIVIDUALS!

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Sample Texts: EN-DE-NL-ES-PT
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[English – Chinese] - Transcreation_创译

Buy and sell 360º films now
现时购买/出售360°电影
Big collection of 360 degree films, free of rights, 4K resolution.”
全新360°电影视觉盛宴,限时免费版权,4k超清。

- Transcreation_Textile_服装

Inspired by the summer festivals, the initial bright hues turns take a misty twist in creating an innovative new direction for pastels in powdery form. This palette is perfect for achieving the look through dye techniques, but also can be achieved through the combination of black yarns blended with brighter tones to get a grungy look.
从夏季的节日中获得灵感,最初的亮色变化缠绕交织,显出朦胧之美,为粉状的柔和色彩开创了一个新奇的方向。此调色板对于通过染色工艺实现想要的外观十分理想,同时也可将明快色调融入黑纱以得到一种颓废风格的外观。

A natural based palette that gives depth to the colors on offer. From cactus green to sunset orange, there is a true relaxed mood to this palette and a strong unisex appeal. Work the tones from matte surfaces to semi-bright in delivering an innate sense of the great outdoors.
以自然色调为基础的调色板赋予所提供的颜色一种深度感。从仙人掌绿到落日橙,此调色板的确让人感到心情舒畅,其中性风格具有十足魅力。调整色调,使亚光布面转至半光,从而带来广阔天地的自然观感。

- Transcreation_Health_养身

Being healthy is important at any stage of life, but is especially critical after the age of 50, when the effects of ageing are beginning to be felt. In the past, people have simply submitted to the decline of their bodies and minds. Now, thanks to scientific research, we know that there are steps we can all take to live longer, more vibrant lives. At The Kinnet, our philosophy is founded on the evidence-based concept of building up cognitive and physical reserves. This not only improves our health in the present but also delays the effects of ageing on our physical, mental and emotional wellness in the long term.
保持健康體態對於每一個年齡階段嘅人士來說都系非常之重要嘅。如果你年過50,呢各方面更加需要多點關心。因為老年化嘅影響喺呢個時候開始出現。幾多年前,人們淨系簡單梗順應機體同埋頭腦出現嘅減退現象。如今,多得科技研究獲得嘅成果,我地得佐延年益壽嘅幾個簡單步驟,即系令生活更加具有活力嘅妙方。喺我地嘅永健坊, 健身理念基於打造持久身心健康之觀念。呢不單止改善我們當前嘅健康狀態,重可以延緩衰老過程對我們嘅體質、精神與情緒健康產生長遠之影響。

- Specifications_规范

This evaluation concerns the torque controlled expansion anchor HILTI stud anchor HSA placed in non-cracked reinforced concrete (strength class C20125 050/60) used for normal structures under fire exposure. The fire conditions for the Standard Temperature/Time Curve“ (STC) are given in EN 1363-1 [1]. The fire resistance time is evaluated for the fire resistance periods of 30, 60, 90 and 120 minutes according to the design method for given in this CEN/TS [2] or TRO2O [4].
该项评估针对扭矩控制型膨胀锚栓——喜得利螺杆式锚栓HSA。这种锚栓应用在火灾条件的不开裂钢筋混凝土(混凝土强度≥C20/25≤C50/60)。标准温度/时间曲线(STC) 火灾条件见EN 1363 - 1[1]。根据CEN/TS [2]或TR020[4]给出的设计方法,耐火评估时间分别为30、60、90和120分钟。

In general, the duration of the fire resistance of anchorages depends mainly on the configuration of the structure itself (base materials, anchorage including the fixture). It is not possible to classify an anchor tor its fire resistance. This evaluation concept includes the behavior of the anchorage in concrete and the parts outside the concrete. The influence of the fixation is considered unfavorable. The base material (reinforced concrete), in which the anchor shall be anchored, shall have at least the same duration of fire resistance as the anchorage itself.
一般来说,锚固耐火时间的长短主要取决于主体结构(基材、锚固件,包括固定物)。锚栓分类不宜依据单个锚栓的耐火性能。这一评估概念涵盖混凝土内部及外侧部件的锚固行为。这种固定方式通常带来不利影响。基材(钢筋混凝土)应当至少与其固定的锚栓本身一样,具有相同的耐火时间。

- TCM_医学

摘要 本文根据笔者多年在临床工作中对部份癌症病人的观察治疗体会,参照有关书籍和报刊杂志对癌症病的论述,结合某些医疗科研单位防治癌症的奇遇和对自然界某些现象的观察遐想,运用中医基础理论的逻辑思维方法,从中医学角度对癌症的发生机理以及防治对策进行探讨,尤其提出“阳气不足、阴邪内生”是癌症发生的最基本因素,并贯穿其发生发展之始终,预防与治疗也自始至终不忘温补阳气。同时,结合现代医学实验研究进行了补充论述。

Abstract: This paper was prepared with reference to years of personal experience in the clinical work on the treatment of part of the cancer patients. Similar cases publicized by peers as medical wonders also enlightened the author in the observations of certain phenomena of nature. By the use of basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, a novel perspective on the mechanisms of cancer and the control strategies were presented for discussion in details. Particularly, the typical concept that "Deficiency of yang leads to endogenous yin of evil" works from beginning to end as the fundamental factor of cancer development. The qi of yang should then be consistently warmed and supplemented in the specific prevention and treatment. As a strong addition, the conclusions derived from experimental studies with modern medical sciences were also merited in this work.


[German – Chinese] - Automobile_汽车

Ausstellungsort ist das BMW Group Museum in München. Auf mehr als 1000 Quadratmetern, verteilt über fünf Stockwerke, präsentieren sich 15 originale Rolls-Royce Automobile aus den Jahren 1907 bis 2012. Dazu gehört auch der legendäre Rolls-Royce 10EX, eines der wichtigsten Konzeptfahrzeuge der Automobilgeschichte. Er entstand 1926, um das Potenzial des „New Phantom“ zu demonstrieren. Das Fahrzeug wurde maßgeblich von Sir Henry Rolls entwickelt, der den 10EX in seinem unerbittlichen Streben nach automobiler Perfektion auch selbst fuhr. Ergänzt wird die Ausstellung durch informative Displays zu wichtigen Rolls-Royce Themen wie Karosseriebau, Handwerkskunst, Bespoke Individualisierung, Fahrzeugbau und Werbung. Das erzählende Konzept der Ausstellung geht auch auf wesentliche Designmerkmale von Rolls-Royce ein, zum Beispiel auf die Kühlerfigur Spirit of Ecstasy und auf den Kühlergrill im Pantheon-Stil.
车展地点在慕尼黑宝马集团博物馆。超过1000平方米的展区分布在五个楼层,展出了1907年至2012年期间生产的15辆原装劳斯莱斯汽车。这次展出中,还包括劳斯莱斯10EX这一传奇车型,它被誉为汽车发展史上最重要的概念车之一。它成形于1926年,充分展示了“新幻影”系列的发展潜力。这款车由亨利•劳斯爵士(Sir Henry Rolls)担纲开发。期间,爵士本人还身体力行,以不懈精神追求汽车设计的完美境界。展览辅以翔实的重要主题,如劳斯莱斯机身、精湛的制作工艺、定制客制化服务、汽车和广告等,这些信息均发布在显示屏上。叙事式办展理念还侧重于劳斯莱斯公司的主要设计特点,例如,置于引擎盖上的欢乐女神雕像饰件,以及神殿风格的散热器格栅等。

- Tourism_旅游

Der Schliersee und seine Umgebung gehören ohne Frage zu den schönsten Fleckerln im bayerischen Voralpenland. Doch wer denkt, die Region hat außer ihrer malerischen Landschaft nichts zu bieten, der täuscht sich gewaltig. Was viele nicht vermuten würden: Der Schliersee kann locker mit Urlaubsparadiesen wie dem Gardasee mithalten. Wir präsentieren Ihnen vier gute Gründe, die Sie für einen Ausflug an einen der wohl schönsten Seen Deutschlands begeistern dürften.
美丽的叙利尔湖位于在巴伐利亚州阿尔卑斯山麓,湖泊及其周围地区共同构成一片天堂般的自然风光。但若有人以为该地区除有其风景如画的乡村景致外,别无可取之处的话,那将大错特错。很多人也许并没想到:叙利尔湖的自然条件可与加尔达湖之类的度假天堂相媲美。这里,我们列出四大理由,相信值得您欣然前往游览德国这一处绝美的湖光山色。

- Cosmetics_化妆品

Der Dermatopoietin® Peptid-Komplex ist der Hauptwirkstoff der EVENSWISS Produkte und das Ergebnis von vielen Jahren der Grundlagenforschung. Die Komponenten des Dermatopoietin® Peptid-Komplexeskönnen nicht in die Haut eindringen. Sie entfalten ihre Wirkung auf der Hautoberfläche, wo sie eine Kaskade von Reaktionen auslösen, die bis in die tieferen Hautschichten (Dermis) wirken. Diese Kaskade besteht in der Epidermis im Wesentlichen in der Freisetzung von hauteigenem Interleukin-1 alpha durch Dermatopoietin® aus Keratinozyten (siehe Abbildung).
D调控因子®肽复合物是EVENSWISS系列产品的主要活性成分,也是多年研究的成果。 D调控因子®肽复合物的成分不会穿透皮肤。这些成分仅在皮肤表层作用,并引发一系列反应,对深层皮肤(真皮层)产生作用。这一系列反应主要发生于表皮层,角质细胞通过D调控因子®释放皮肤白细胞介素-1α(见图)。

- Architecture_建筑

Je nach Kundenwunsch bietet Rimatem® zwei unterschiedliche Anlagensysteme an: erstens den Rimatem® Vollautomaten VA I. Er übernimmt alle anfallenden Maurerarbeiten. Zweitens die Rimatem® Halbautomaten HA III und HA IV. Sie machen alle manuellen Arbeiten in vielerlei Hinsicht einfacher und effizienter. Individuell geplante Wände können mit ihrer Hilfe mühelos gefertigt werden und selbst Mauergrößen bis 12 x 4 m meistert die HA IV vorbildlich. Ferner lassen sich Sonderteile schnell und wirtschaftlich einbauen, da der Maschinenbediener jederzeit direkten Eingriff auf den Produktionsvorgang hat. Ein weiterer Vorteil ist, dass beide Anlagen kompatibel sind, wobei mit ihnen Mauersteine in Wandstärken von 11,5 bis 49 cm vermörtelt oder verklebt werden können.
根据客户要求,Rimatem®提供了两种不同的制作系统:第一种是Rimatem®VA I型全自动制作系统。此型系统可完成全部砖石堆砌作业。第二种Rimatem®HA III型和IV型半自动制作系统。两类系统均让所有手工作业在诸多方面变得更为简便、高效。此两类墙面制作系统可以满足墙面设计的个性化要求,而利用其中的RA IV型模板功能,可制作壁厚尺寸达12×4m的墙面。墙面特殊部位在最后阶段安装,操作快捷、经济。设备操作者在生产过程中还可随时直接干预。另一个优点是,这两类系统具有兼容性,可完成壁厚11.5~49cm的砖头灌浆或固化处理作业。


[Dutch – Chinese] - Tourism_旅游

Enschede is het bruisende, kosmopolitische hart van Oost-Nederland. Het is een stad die volop in beweging is; de stad is ondernemend en energiek. Het combineert het leven van het dorp en de stad en heeft genoeg ruimte - letterlijk en figuurlijk - voor een prettige manier van leven voor iedereen. De stad biedt uitstekende faciliteiten, een levendig centrum en fascinerende wijken. Enschede: stad van vooruitgang en het goede leven!
恩斯赫德是荷兰东部繁华的大都会中心。这是一座紧随时代潮流,开拓进取,激情四溢的城市。城市和乡村生活交相辉映,每个人都拥有足够的空间,享受着惬意的生活,文字如此,事实亦然。恩斯赫德配备了上乘的公共设施,坐拥繁华都市和魅力街区。恩斯赫德:一座锐意进取、生活惬意的都市!

- Employment_用工

In de overeenkomst is in geen profperiode voorzien. De eventueel voorziene proeftijd gaat in vanaf het van kracht worden van de overeenkomst. Gedurende de proeftijd kan de overeenkomst op elk ogenblik eenzijdig beeindigd worden door iedere partij mits het in acht nemen van een opzeggingstermijn van 7 kalenderdagen. De opzeggingstermijn gaat in de dag na de betekening. Wanneer een dergelijke opzegging tijdens de eerste maand wordt gegeven, dan heeft de beeindiging ten vroegste op de laatste dag van deze maand uitwerking. Anderzijds mag de laatste dag van de opzeggingstermijn het einde van de proftijd niet overschrijden. Gedurende de proeftijd kan de overeenkomst op elk ogenblik eenzijdig beeindigd worden mits de betaling van een schadevergoeding gelijk aan het lopende loon van de voornoemde opzeggingstermijn gebeurt tijdens de eerste maand van de proftijd kan de overeenkomst op elk ogenblik eenzijdig beeindigd worden mits de betaling beeindiging zonder dringende reden of zonder inachtname van een opzeggingstermijn gebeurt tijdens de eerste maand van de proeftijd, dan is de vergoeding gelijk aan het loon dat overeenstemt met het resterende gedeelte van die maand, vermeerderd met de duur van de opzeggingstermijn.
本合同不包含试用期。任何计划内的试用期都将在合同生效后开始。在试用期内,任何一方,只要遵守七天通知期限的规定,可随时单方面终止本合同。通知期限开始于工作后的第二天。如果在工作的第一个月发出终止合同的通知,则本合同在该工作月的最后一天前终止。或者,最后一天的通知不可超过试用期的结束日。在试用期内,可随时单方面终止本合同,且不用支付等同于发出上述通知时之薪酬的赔偿金。如果在没有原因或没有遵守通知期限的情况下要在试用期的第一个月内终止合同,则需要支付赔偿金,数额相当于该月剩余天数加上通知期限所对应的薪酬。


- EP_环保

XXX voert al enige jaren een strikt beleid ten aanzien van de emissie van SF6. Het beleid is om alle SF6 –gasstromen bij XXX te registreren en de emissie van SF6 zoveel mogelijk te minimaliseren.Dit beleid is ingegeven door de Europese en Nederlandse wet- en regelgeving en door het beleid van XXX voor de vermindering van de uitstoot van broeikasgassen. Zowel XXX zelf, maar ook u als klant, kunnen een bijdrage leveren bij de uitvoering van dit beleid.
多年来,XXX对SF6的排放一直都有严格的政策要求。所有关于SF6气体的流动状况均必须通过XXX注册予以监测,以将SF6的排放降至最低水平。该项政策符合欧洲和荷兰的相关法律和规定,并满足XXX有关减少温室气体排放标准。而XXX及您本身均为用户,相信这将有助于此项政策的执行。

- Agricultural Product_农产品

Bij de productie van aardappelgranulaat en —vlokken kunnen diverse ingrediënten bijgemengd worden. Deze (veelal droge) ingrediënten hebben meestal een agrarische herkomst, zoals droge groenten, kruiden, specerijen e.d. Zoals hierboven al aangegeven zijn dit geen producten met een hoge kans op het voorkomen van Listeria of E.coli O157:H7; daarentegen is volgens de literatuur het voorkomen van Salmonella in kruiden en specerijen wel mogelijk.
在马铃薯全粉和薯片生产过程中,可能会混合五花八门的配料。这些(通常是干燥的)配料通常是干燥的蔬菜、香草、香辛料等之类的农产品。综上所述,产品中存在李斯特菌或大肠杆菌O157:H7概率不高;而据文献资料记载,沙门氏菌可能存在于香草和香辛料中。

- Newsletter_通讯

… alles volgens planning is verlopen. Als alle werknemers die er moesten zijn, ook aanwezig waren, als er niets stuk is gegaan waardoor de productie vertraging opliep, als de planning voor wat betreft kwaliteit en kwantiteit wordt gehaald. In ons beroep moet je vooruit denken, je moet plannen terwijl je ook rekening houdt met de afwijkingen. Met name nu we in IJsselstein net met twee ploegendiensten zijn begonnen, is dat wel een uitdaging. Het vraagt veel flexibiliteit van iedereen. Maar tot nu toe valt het me niet tegen, de kwaliteit die we halen, de samenwerking en de nieuwe collega’s.
…但一切按部就班的行事方式已成为过去式。如果所需员工全部到位,且未形成任何造成工期延后的因素,那么保质保量的计划就能够顺利完成。在这个行业,你们得学会未雨绸缪,拟定计划的同时也要考虑执行时可能出现的偏差。特别是现在,我们刚开始在艾瑟尔斯泰恩实行两班倒的工作,这对我们来说是一项挑战。这要求每一名员工都具备充分的灵活性。但目前为止,我们在质量、合作以及新同事的相处方面都没有遇到任何问题。

[Spanish – Chinese] - Printing_印刷

Para las impresiones en offset, en intaglio, en serigrafia y en tipografia se utilizará tintas especiales de seguridad, de alta Resistencia a reactivos y pruebas de decoloracion. Deberán contener pigmentos orgánicos de akta resistencia, en cantidad acorde con la norma internacional, y ser completamente inactínicas (con excepción de las tintas fluorescentes), antialérgicas y antibacterianas, elaboradas especificamente pare resistir las diversas condiciones de temperatura, humedad y otras a que pueden estar sometidos los billetes.
对于胶印、凹版印刷、丝网印刷以及活版印刷而言,将使用防伪特殊油墨。这种材料对褪色试剂及试验均有着很强的耐受力,且所含有机染料的数量符合国际标准。该油墨属于绝射(荧光油墨除外)材质,抗过敏和抗菌,还能专门抵御各种温度、湿度等环境因素可能会对钞票产生的影响。

- Company Profile_公司推介

...Importador-Operador-Comercializador y Proveedor Líder de Soldaduras, Maquinas para Soldar, Equipos de Oxicorte, Accesorios para Soldadura, Herramientas Eléctricas, Abrasivos, Cable para Soldar y Elementos de Protección Personal desde 1971 para el mercado Colombiano, con sede en la ciudad puerto de Barranquilla (Colombia). Con 5 Regionales o Sedes cubren las principales ciudades del país (Barranquilla, Cartagena, Bogotá, Medellín y Cali), dando cobertura completa del territorio Colombiano, CSPI es y será siendo un jugador principal en la economía colombiana y continuara su expansión en los años venideros.

...本公司自1971年起,即是哥伦比亚市场中焊接、焊接机、火焰切割机、焊接配件、电动工具、磨具、焊接电缆及个人防护用具集进口-运营-经销于一体的领先供应商,总部位于港口城市巴兰基利亚(哥伦比亚)。通过5个区域或总部覆盖哥伦比亚的主要城市(巴兰基利亚、卡塔赫纳、波哥大、麦德林和卡利),进而覆盖其全境,CSPI已经并将继续成为哥伦比亚经济的一个主要参与者,且在未来几年将进行持续扩张。

- Insurance Policy_保险政策

Las pólizas contratadas de conformidad con el Contrato deberán contener una estipulación que obligue a la compañía aseguradora respectiva a notificar por escrito al Regulador y al CONCEDENTE sobre cualquier circunstancia que afecte la vigencia, validez o efectividad de la póliza, con una anticipación no menor a veinte(20) Días a la fecha en que el incumplimiento del CONCESIONARIO pueda determinar la caducidad de notificación será también aplicable al supuesto de cesación, retiro, cancelación o falta de renovación de cualquier seguro que el CONCESIONARIO deba mantener conforme a este Contrato.
保险公司采取的政策必须与合同一致,这要求保险公司须提前至少20天书面通知控权人和授予人有关任何影响保单现行性、有效性或实效性的情形(同样适用于停保、撤保、废除保险或不续保等任何需要被授予人遵循合同内容实施的保险项目)授予人,根据合同规定,上述内容在所签订的保单必须有明确条文规定。


[Portuguese– Chinese] - Production_产品推介

…Nem sempre aquela foto incrível acontece em um momento previsto. Para não passar sufoco e não perder nenhum click, nada melhor do que armazenar as suas fotos em um cartão de memória SanDisk. Além do limite de 36 fotos, tinha que torcer para as fotos não ficaram tremidas ou alguém sair de olho fechado. Ainda bem que hoje você tem os cartões de memória SanDisk Extreme SDXC™ , para você não perder nenhum momento.
…并非所有漂亮的照片都能在既定的时间内生成。不要因为一时的欣赏而忘了点按抓拍。最好的方法就是将你的照片存放在SanDisk的存储卡上。除了36张照片的数量限制外,也只好希望照片不要太过模糊,或拍照的人不要眨眼睛。现在不一样了,只要你有了SanDisk 极速SDXC™存储卡,你就不会错过任何一个美好的瞬间!

- Linguistics_语言学

Neste capítulo trataremos de explanar alguns aspectos relevantes da noção de transferência linguística, com ênfase na atuação da língua materna durante a aquisição de uma língua alvo. Na primeira parte, discutiremos questões de definição e terminologia. Na segunda parte, mostraremos como o fenômeno se manifesta na interlíngua e, na terceira, apresentaremos as restrições que atuam sobre ele. Na quarta parte, salientaremos problemas metodológicos envolvidos no estudo desse tema e, por fim, sintetizaremos algumas conclusões.
在本章中,我们将尝试分析语言迁移的概念及其相关方面现象,并着重论述学习目标语言时母语所起的作用。第一部分,我们将讨论定义和术语。第二部分,我们将揭示中介语言现象是如何体现的;而第三部分,我们将探讨语言迁移现象所受的限制因素。在第四部分中,我们会重点介绍本课题研究中涉及的学习方法相关问题;最后,总结论点。

Observa-se que nos últimos anos a aprendizagem de uma segunda língua tem sido vista como um processo de construção criativa de um sistema linguístico, ou seja, um conjunto estruturado de regras, no qual o aprendiz está constantemente testando hipóteses acerca da língua alvo a partir de uma variedade de fontes de conhecimento, tais como, conhecimento de sua língua materna, conhecimento limitado da língua alvo, conhecimento das funções comunicativas da linguagem, conhecimento sobre linguagem de modo geral, e conhecimento de mundo (MCLAUGHLIN, 1987). O aprendiz é visto como um ser inteligente e criativo engajado em estágios lógicos e sistemáticos de aquisição da língua.

根据近年来的观察,学习第二门语言逐渐被归入创造性构建语言系统的过程,即,规则结构化的过程。在这过程中学习者根据他们对母语的了解和有限的目标语言知识,以及对语言交流功能、语言常识和当代世界现状的认识不断地验证关于目标语言的假设(MCLAUGHLIN,1987)。外语学习是一项需要逻辑思维和系统分析能力的过程,因此语言学习者被认为是具有智慧和创造力的人群。

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TRANSLATION IS A CARRIER —— 「翻译是一种运载工具」

Think about a vehicle, a ship or the handcart used in the ancient times. The operators may never, or are not allowed to know more about the goods consigned by the clients. Yet they must know how to pack the goods and keep them intact until they get to the destination, in either a couple of days or several weeks or months later.

试想一下车辆、船只或古代使用的手推车。操作者对客人委托的货物可能完全不知情或无权获得足够的相关信息。但他们必须知道如何包装这些货物并将其安全送达目的地。这一运送过程可能需要一、两天或几个星期,有的甚至达数月之久。

The client knows what the goods are, and the receiver normally knows how to use it. It may be some sort of oil of 1000kg, and the operator needs to find out the most suitable container to hold it. For the Western medicines or Traditional Chinese herbs, we got to know the way to protect them from being polluted by water or dirty air. When it comes to a precious sword, all we do is to get a nice sheath rather than trying to become a fencing master before delivering it to the hand of the receiver.

客户知道这批货物是什么,而收货人自然清楚它们派何用场。它们可能是重约1吨的某种油品,而操作者需要找到最适合的容器来盛装它。若货物是中西药物,我们得知道如何避免它们受到水气或混浊空气的污染。如果要运送的是一把宝剑,我们所要做的是提供一个精致的剑匣,而不是去尝试成为了一名剑客。

So, the primary goal of translation is to get a suitable container or packaging for the different things consigned by the customers. Then, find out the shortest and safest path to make a timely delivery of the ‘goods’ to the receiver at the destination.

所以,翻译的首要任务是针对客户托运的「货物」,设法去获取一个适当的容器或一种包装方法。然后,找到最快便、最安全的运送路线,将「货物」及时送到目的地。

My translation experience tells me: Translators don’t have to be a pharmacist, a fencing master nor any of the highly professional ones in their specific fields. With a solid foundation of language skills, professional translators may get a satisfied translation by identifying each of the details that may be contained in the source documents at all costs.

根据我的翻译体会:译者不必成为一名药剂师,一名剑术高手或特定翻译领域的任何一类行业专才。当具备了扎实的语言基本功后,专业翻译人员就可以通过全力求证源文件中的每个细节来达到令人满意的翻译效果。

To be an insider of translated materials is good, but casual and not always required for pros. Driven by the survival pressure, highly capable freelancers are forced to take on different jobs involving the subjects totally irrelevant to each other. The reason is here: they are able to quickly identify the doubts and traps, followed by confirming the queries in an effective manner. This is mostly beyond the reach of the part-time translators’ awareness.

译者本人是熟知翻译材料的行家固然可喜,但这实属偶遇,并非从事专业翻译之必需要求。对于高水平的自由译者来说,他们出于生存压力会接下各类翻译任务,所涉及的行业题材之间可能风马牛不相及。但是,他们能够迅速判明各类疑难和陷阱并予以有效确认。这一点是大多数业余和兼职译者难以做到的。
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Keywords: Tunnel engineering, medicine, motorcycle, beauty, immigration, enterprise management, IT, insurance, environmental protection, automobile, real estate, ads, cosmetics, astronomy, agriculture(fruit), logistics, community, quality control, forest, accounting, finance, transformer, biochemistry, chemistry.


Profile last updated
Sep 6, 2017



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