Some of these cookies are essential to the operation of the site,
while others help to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used.
Source text - English The inherent reactivity of Mg combined with vapor pressure leads to oxidation and the burning of the molten metal in the air. Cover gases are used to form a protective barrier between the Mg and oxygen. Some early options included “Foundry Flux,” a eutectic mixture of MgCl2 and other chloride salts, which contaminated the cast product and released corrosive gases in the foundry, and Sulfur Dioxide, mixed with air often by burning elemental sulfur under furnace covers, which not only produced a toxic, irritant vapor that polluted the air, but also, in poor control situations, caused explosions.
In the late 1970s a new product was introduced, which provided a non-toxic, non-corrosive, low-cost alternatives to these -- SF6. Used at 0.1~0.5% in air, CO2, N2, or blends thereof, it was quickly adopted and has been widely used throughout the industry. SF6 works by breaking down F and F2 generated in the surface film of oxidized magnesium, and the separated F and F2 pass through the oxidized Mg and disperse, reacting with the Mg to create a high-density cover film. This cover layer of oxidized Mg with fluoride makes the oxidation process extremely slow, preventing the Mg fires.
However, around 1990, SF6 was discovered to be the most potent GHG (GreenHouse Gas) ever evaluated. With a GWP (Global Warming Potential) of 24,900 and a Lifetime of 3,200 years, SF6 forced the industry to evaluate alternative products. In 1997 the International Magnesium Association (IMA) was created, and after publishing guidelines for SF6 conservation, it appointed a committee to investigate SF6 alternatives. Currently, the IMA is a partner for the US EPA’s campaign to reduce the use of SF6, and funds a research program at SINTEF -- The Foundation of Scientific and Industrial Research at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Of the proposed SF6 alternatives evaluated, the most promising candidates are FK, HFC3, HFE 7100, and HFE 7200 (see chart below). The IMA is also using Computational Fluid Dynamics to investigate the most efficient delivery method of these gases to the melt surface.
(From report composed and submitted by me Sept. 9, 2002.)
Translation - Japanese マグネ固有の敏感な反応は、蒸気圧が加わると空気中で給湯の酸化と炎上をもたらす。 カバー・ガスはマグネと酸素の間に保護バリヤーを作るのに用いられる。 初期段階では「ファウンダリー・フラックス」と呼ばれるMgCl2や他の塩素系の混合物が使われたが、これらは鋳造製品を汚染し、工場内に腐食性のガスを漏らした。 二酸化硫黄等は、頻繁に炉の蓋の下で元祖硫黄を燃やして空気と混ぜられたため、有害な蒸気で空気を汚染しただけでなく、管理の不十分な場合、爆発事故も巻き起こした。
しかし1990年頃、SF6は史上評価された物質で最も有害なGHG（グリーンハウス・ガス）だと判明した。 24,900 点のGWP（地球温暖化潜在力）と3,200年の寿命を持つSF6に、業界は代用品の評価を強いられた。 1997年に国際マグネシウム連合(IMA)が結束され、SF6節約のガイドラインを出版した後、SF6代用品の調査をする委員会を任命した。 現在、IMAは米国EPA（環境保護庁）のパートナーとしてSF6の使用を減らすよう業界に呼びかけ、ノルウェーの科学＆テクノロジー大学で 行われているSINTEF (The Foundation of Scientific and Industrial Research) の研究の資金を提供している。
Source text - Japanese リーダーだけでなく、人間は誰でも「困る」というのは嫌なもので、避けたいものなのです。だから、普通の会社の普通のリーダー達は、自分達に「困る」という災難がふりかかるのをおそれて、作業者にラインを止めない様に強制するのです。
Translation - English All humans, not just Leaders, dislike going through “trouble,” and want to avoid it. That is why ordinary leaders in ordinary companies are afraid of the disaster called “trouble” happening to them, and force their workers to not stop the Line.
However, in TPS, we actually encourage leaders to face “trouble” head-on. That is because people will only start thinking and coming up with good ideas when they are in a tight spot.
English to Japanese: Evacuation Procedures (voice over text)
Source text - English Smoke can be just as dangerous as fire, so if you encounter smoke, cover your nose and mouth with the wet cloth. Stay as low to the floor as you can, as smoke will rise. When you reach the emergency exit, check the door again for heat. If the door is cool, proceed down the stairs. You may find the door slightly difficult to open. This is quite normal. As you walk down the stairs, stay close to the walls so fire fighters and other safety personnel can pass easily. If the situation is such that you cannot continue, return to your room.
Translation - Japanese 煙は炎と同様に危険ですので、煙のある場所では濡れたタオル等で鼻と口を覆って下さい。煙は上昇しますので、できるだけ床に近く低い姿勢をお取り下さい。非常口に着きましたら、ドアが熱くないか、再度お確かめ下さい。ドアが熱くなければ階段を下りて下さい。ドアが少し開きにくい場合がありますが、これは通常ある事なのでご安心下さい。階段は壁伝いに下り、消防士等が通り抜けやすい様にして下さい。もし前進できなくなった場合は、ご自分の部屋にお戻り下さい。
Japanese to English: Steak & Foie Gras on Denny's Menu General field: Marketing Detailed field: Food & Drink
Source text - Japanese 円高還元価格→1,380円
・530kcal ・塩分2.7g ・脂質39.6g ・食物繊維1.3g
Translation - English Yen Inflation Recovery Special Price: ¥1,380 (approximately $15)
• 530kcal • Sodium 2.7g • Fats 39.6g • Dietary Fiber 1.3g
*Yen Devaluation Recovery Special Menu!*
Available for a limited time only -- December 11 through 25 
This is an extravagant dish with foie gras on top of a tender beef sirloin, topped off with a truffle sauce. The side dish of mashed potatoes is also decorated with cheese to make the dish more appealing. Please enjoy the luxurious fragrance of the sauce's truffles and wine.
* For an extra ¥200 (about $2) you can add corn potage rice or bread.
This dish, using two of the three greatest flavors in the world -- foie gras and truffles -- is said to have been a favorite of the great 19th Century Italian opera composer, Rossini. We have selected the finest, most tender sirloin cuts of New Zealand beef, and grill them so they are still tender and juicy. The Périgord truffle sauce, made with demi-glace and fon de veau sauces as its base with truffles and red wine added, further enhances the sirloin and foie gras.
HERE ARE THE BOTTOM 2 PARAGRAPHS AS TRANSLATED BY BABELFISH:
The luxurious one item where on the soft beef sirloin, it places [huowagura], applies the source of [toriyuhu] and finishes. The cheese is decorated even in the mash potato of the attaching adjusting, the plate is produced cheerfully. Fragrance rich [toriyuhu] and the wine were used, the high-class impression please ingest with the source which overflows.
* For plus 200 Yen it becomes the potage rice or the pan attachment of the sweet corn.
The inside two of [huowagura] and [toriyuhu] and worldwide three large distinctiveness tastes was used luxuriously, the Italian of the 19th century opera writer, [rotsushini] liking, cooking that you ate. The beef to burn selects the meat of the sirloin part where the New Zealand product is soft, is softly in the Jewish sea. The demi- glass and fondo baud in the base, [perigororusosu] which adds [toriyuhu] and the vin rouge ([toriyuhusosu]) from sirloin and [huowagura] more, it can be prominent.
IF YOU WANT IT DONE RIGHT, GET A GOOD HUMAN TRANSLATOR!
Bachelor's degree - Cornerstone University
Years of experience: 30. Registered at ProZ.com: Apr 2009.
I am a native speaker of both English and Japanese, having grown up in Japan until coming to America for college, yet being educated in English all along. My mother is Japanese and my father was American.
I worked part-time as an interpreter/translator during college, then upon graduating in 1994, I began working for an automotive parts manufacturer, translating the drawings (blueprints) that were sent from Japan and interpreting for meetings when they had Japanese visitors.
I also freelanced for several years, translating patents, manuals, and other technical documents. Interpretation was not limited to my home base in Michigan -- I was flown to various places in the USA, Canada, Mexico, and Japan by my clients to ensure accurate communication in key meetings.
In 2001, just before the tragedy of 9-11, I was hired by another automotive parts manufacturer (ironically, a direct competitor of my first client) and worked there until early 2009, when the downturn in the economy necessitated that they lay me off. I am currently working freelance, primarily on translations, with some interpretation locally.
I am familiar with: injection molding, die casting (Al, Mg, Zn), stamping, welding, mechanical parts assembly, testing, woodworking, and TPS (Toyota Production System). I can use SDL Trados but am more comfortable with Microsoft applications (Excel, Word, and PowerPoint).
Please feel free to visit my website at: http://japaneset.webs.com.
This user has earned KudoZ points by helping other translators with PRO-level terms. Click point total(s) to see term translations provided.