Translation glossary: Renewable Energy

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AAUAssigned Amount Units under the Kyoto emissions trading scheme. 
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AccreditationThe process by which a renewable energy installation becomes certified to receive the applicable benefit (whether that is ROC, FIT or CfD). 
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ACEThe Association for the Conservation of Energy; trade association for energy efficiency suppliers. 
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ACMMOThe Association of Coal Mine Methane Operators. 
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ADAnaerobic digestion; the production of 
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ADL1; ADL2Building Regulations Approved 
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AEPThe Association of Electricity Producers; 
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AGRAdvanced gas-cooled (Nuclear) reactor. 
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AirfoilThe cross section profile of the leeward 
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Alternating current (AC)Flow of electricity that 
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AlternatorA device that produces alternating current (AC) electricity from the rotation of a shaft. Used in wind and 
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AmmeterA measuring instrument used to measure the electric current in a circuit. Electric currents are measured in 
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Amorphous siliconAn alloy of silica and hydrogen that can be deposited in thin-layers (a few micrometers in 
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AmpsThe volume of electricity flowing through a conductor. 
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Anaerobic digestionProcess that produces methane. Natural consortia of bacteria are used to decompose organic 
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AnemometerA device that measures wind speed. Important in designing a properly sized wind power system. 
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Angle of attackFor a wind turbine, the angle of relative air flow to the blade chord. 
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APX RPD PriceThe Reference Price Data Report published by APX Commodities Limited. 
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ArgusThe UK Market section of the \"Argus European Electricity Report\", covering electricity pricing. 
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ARODGAccess Reform Options Development Group – development group set up by Ofgem to examine potential amendments to the UK’s transmission access arrangements. 
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ArrayA number of photovoltaic modules electrically connected to produce a single electrical output. 
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Availability factorA percentage representing the number of hours a generating unit is available to produce power 
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BalancingWith wind turbine blades, adjusting their weight and weight distribution through two axes so that all 
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Balancing and settlement codeThe governance of electricity dispatch and settlement in England & Wales (and 
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Base loadThe minimum load experienced by an electric utility system over a given period of time. Baseload capacity 
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BETTAThe British Electricity Transmission and Trading Arrangements introduced in April 2005, extending NETA to 
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BHAThe British Hydropower Association; trade 
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BiodieselA liquid fuel made from vegetable 
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BioenergyUseful, renewable energy produced 
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BiofuelsUnlike other renewable energy sources, biomass can be converted directly into liquid fuels, called ‘biofuels,’ 
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BiomassOrganic nonfossil material of biological origin constituting a renewable energy source. Renewable fuels 
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Biomass gas (Biogas)A medium Btu gas containing methane and carbon dioxide, resulting from the action of 
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BiopowerIs the use of biomass to generate electricity. Biopower 
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BladeThe part of a wind generator rotor that catches the wind. 
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Braking systemA device to slow a wind turbine\'s shaft speed 
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British thermal unit (BTU or Btu)A traditional unit of energy 
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BrushesDevices for transferring power to or from a rotating 
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BryophyteSpecies of river moss, hornworts or liverworts often found in run of river hydro schemes which can help to 
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BucketsIn an impulse hydro turbine, the buckets are attached to the turbine near the runner, and used to \'catch\' 
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Buy-out fundThe fund derived from renewable obligation suppliers who ‘buy-out’ from their obligation to submit 
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Buy-out fund recyclingThe redistribution of the buy-out fund back to the electricity suppliers in relation to their 
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BWEAThe British Wind 
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CapacityThe maximum load a generating unit, generating station, or other electrical apparatus is rated to carry. 
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Capacity factorThe ratio of the electrical energy produced by a generating unit relative to the electrical energy that 
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Capacity valueSometimes referred to as capacity credit, this is an expression of the percentage of conventional 
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Capacity, GrossThe full-load continuous rating of a generator, prime mover, or other electric equipment under 
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Carbon trustA Government- 
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Cast siliconCrystalline silicon obtained by pouring pure molten silicon into a vertical mould. The cast ingots are 
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CavitationAir bubbles in a closed water system. Greatly reduces efficiency in a hydro turbine generator system, and 
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CBMCoal bed methane; gas actively extracted from coal seams. 
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