arcabuces, espingardas

20:17 Apr 5, 2009
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Military / Defense / warfare middle ages
Spanish term or phrase: arcabuces, espingardas
Two types of weapons used in Medieval battles.
Local time: 21:37

Summary of answers provided
5arquebus, musket
Fabricio Castillo
4(h)arquebuses/Moorish muskets
Barbara Cochran, MFA
3harquebuses, flintlock musket
Patricia Rosas
Summary of reference entries provided
arquebuses (pl.) (a type of musket) / Espingarda ( a type of hand-gun) (leave as is with explanation
Taña Dalglish



9 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
harquebuses, flintlock musket

These are not medieval weapons. The harquebus was developed in the mid-15th century and the flintlock rifle sometime after that.

Main Entry: har·que·bus Pronunciation Guide

Etymology: Middle French harquebuse, arquebuse, modification of Middle Dutch hakebusse, from hake hook + busse box, tube, gun, from Late Latin buxis box; akin to Middle Dutch hoec corner -- more at HOOK, BOX
1 : a portable but heavy matchlock gun invented about the middle of the 15th century and fired from a support to which it was attached by a fixed hook, later wheel-lock or flintlock modifications being lightened and provided with a bent stock and a longer butt so that they could be fired from the shoulder
2 harquebuses plural, obsolete : soldiers armed with the harquebus

Flintlock: a firearm fitted with a flintlock; especially : an old-fashioned military musket so equipped

Patricia Rosas
United States
Local time: 17:37
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in category: 1
Notes to answerer
Asker: Technically they are not from the Middle Ages, but according to this document, the Catholic Monarchs brought these fire arms into use, through higher organization of the military command, and through construction of infrastructure to allow for it. So, they are considered to have ushered in a modern period of warfare. An accomplishment of doubtful value :)

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11 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
arquebus, musket

Están entre las primeras armas de fuego portátiles. ¡Suerte!

Fabricio Castillo
Local time: 21:37
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 34
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56 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
(h)arquebuses/Moorish muskets


Collins Robert Unabridged Spanish/English Dictionary

Barbara Cochran, MFA
United States
Local time: 20:37
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
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Reference comments

26 mins
Reference: arquebuses (pl.) (a type of musket) / Espingarda ( a type of hand-gun) (leave as is with explanation

Reference information:
Arquebus /arquebuses (pl.) (a type of musket)
Pgs. 77-78
arcabuz, = arquebus (s)

JSTOR: Weapons and Warfare in Renaissance Europe. Gunpowder ...
- [ Traducir esta página ]
The English Historical Review, Vol. 114, No. 455, 169-170. Feb., 1999. ... At this stage, then, at least in the Spanish Netherlands, the musket was clearly ... almost every respect exactly the same as the sixteenth-century "arquebus" '. ...<169:...
Espingarda ( a type of hand-gun):
Most cannons presented are the large-mouthed, sled–dragged type which resemble culvert pipes, a type already made obsolete by developments in Italy, France and Burgundy. Individual firearms include the old colubrina de mao [handgun], espingarda, and newer models of the matchlock arquebuse.

An Appreciation of the War for Granada (1481–92)
- [ Traducir esta página ]
27 Apr 2007 ... To appreciate the War for Granada's part in Western warfare, one has also to .... Like with all versions of the arquebus, the espingarda ... - 43k

Like with all versions of the arquebus, the espingarda continuously underwent evolution in design. Quesada identifies two general types of espingarda. Those with early simple serpentine-lever triggering devices, the llanas (plain) type. The other version, de llave (with gun-lock), was a more advanced matchlock. [14] The handgun had, by 1481, passed beyond the awkward, hand-held, match-lighting phase. The contemporary carvings on the choir stalls of the Cathedral of Toledo show many espingarderos shooting alongside the crossbowmen. In these carvings, the espingardas are being fired and aimed from the shoulder by the Castilian infantrymen.

Note added at 30 mins (2009-04-05 20:47:47 GMT)

Warfare and Firearms in Fifteenth Century Morocco - [ Traducir esta página ]The earliest and most unambiguous reference to 'hand-guns' in Morocco is in Ruy de .... Most cannons presented are the large-mouthed, sled–dragged type which ... de mao [handgun], espingarda, and newer models of the matchlock arquebuse. ... - 76k - En caché - Páginas similares
Crusaders, Condottieri, and Cannon: Medieval Warfare in Societies ... - Resultado de la Búsqueda de libros de Googlede Donald J. Kagay, L. J. Andrew Villalon - 2003 - History - 494 páginas
By contrast, the simple handgun, or espingarda, was far less costly. ... general varieties of this weapon: (1) the llana (plain) type which had a simple, ...

Taña Dalglish
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 11
Note to reference poster
Asker: Thank you Tania, you are an excellent source to draw from :)

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