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相対範疇(をつくる)

English translation: contrastive pairs of/oppositional categories

09:29 Apr 20, 2015
Japanese to English translations [PRO]
Social Sciences - Linguistics
Japanese term or phrase: 相対範疇(をつくる)
Can anyone help me to understand the meaning of this term in the following sentence. It's a paper about Tibetan predicates once again and here the author is talking about the second type of verbal predicate. The first type is where verbs combine with aux verbs or particles in their original form, but this time they are forming 不定形 before they combine with the aux verb or particles. I can't understand what exactly the 相対範疇 is that these subordinate forms are making.

不定形にはいろんな種類があるが、いくつかのグループにまとめられるものと、独自のものとがあり、不定形をつくる付属形式は相対範疇をつくるといえる。

The sentence before:

動詞は単独で終助詞や助動詞を伴って述語になりうるが、さらにある種の独立性のあまり高くない付属形式を伴って、「不定形」と名づけるべきものをつくり、それがある種の終助詞や助動詞を伴って述語をつくることがある。

こうしたものが、動詞が述語構成に参画する二つの基本的方法であるといえる。

Any advice to help me understand would be warmly appreciated.

Thanks,

Nick
Nicholas Hallsworth
Japan
Local time: 21:08
English translation:contrastive pairs of/oppositional categories
Explanation:
(see discussion)
Selected response from:

Marc Brunet
Australia
Grading comment
Thanks for your help with this. Your suggestion made sense. I ended up with something like this:

There various kinds of indeterminate forms, some of which fall into a number of classes, others that are independent stand-alone units. These connective morphemes give rise to contrastive categories, so to speak.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
3contrastive pairs of/oppositional categories
Marc Brunet


Discussion entries: 10





  

Answers


1 day 21 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
contrastive pairs of/oppositional categories


Explanation:
(see discussion)

Marc Brunet
Australia
Native speaker of: French
PRO pts in category: 8
Grading comment
Thanks for your help with this. Your suggestion made sense. I ended up with something like this:

There various kinds of indeterminate forms, some of which fall into a number of classes, others that are independent stand-alone units. These connective morphemes give rise to contrastive categories, so to speak.
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