host cell

Russian translation: клетка-хозяин

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00:57 Apr 30, 2020
English to Russian translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Science - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Science (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: host cell
Definition from Merriam-Webster:
A living cell invaded by or capable of being invaded by an infectious agent (such as a bacterium or a virus).

Example sentence(s):
  • Membrane fusion, they explained, is a multi-step process that begins with the virus recognising that it's found the right type of cell to infect. To do this, the virus receives feedback from the chemical environment, including cues like the receptor that the host cell presents, the study noted. The virus then attaches to the host cell receptor by way of the spike protein on its surface, it said. India Times
  • Other host pathways determined to be highly important in SARS and MERS-CoV replication include vesicle trafficking within the endoplasmic reticulum of host cells. It has been determined that the replicase-transcriptase machinery of the coronavirus assembles at the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and viral structural proteins assemble within the host ER, making it an essential cellular component and potential drug target to block both viral genome replication and capsid assembly in the formation of new virus particles during infection. Drug Target Review
  • And although the mechanism by which ivermectin works against the virus is not known, Wagstaff suggested it is likely that, based on its action in other viruses, the drug acts to stop the virus dampening down the host cells’ ability to clear it. GenEng News
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Question posted on behalf of translation team:
GBK medical and pharma specialists

This question is closed

Russian translation:клетка-хозяин
Клетка, несущая вирус.
Selected response from:

Vanda Nissen
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

Summary of translations provided
4 +4клетка-хозяин
Vanda Nissen


Translations offered

1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +4

Definition from Словарь медицинских т:
Клетка, несущая вирус.

Example sentence(s):
  • › info В соответствии с типом клетки-хозяина вирусы делят на три группы вирусы ... К этому следует добавить, что вне клетки-хозяина вирусы неспособны к . - Справочник химика  
  • › science › 20830... 2. jun. 2016 - В результате этой встречи образуется комплекс «вирус-клетка», ... модифицирующий ДНК клетки-хозяина по матрице РНК вируса. - Популярная механика  
Vanda Nissen
Local time: 16:20
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 128

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Sergey Zubtsov
2 hrs
  -> Спасибо, Сергей!

Yes  Sergey Klishevich
7 hrs
  -> Спасибо, Сергей!

Yes  Nataliia Gorina
2 days 18 hrs
  -> Спасибо, Наталия!

Yes  Rozhinsky
3 days 4 hrs
  -> Спасибо!
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