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I have to close the question without grading, but if points could have been awarded to the most helpful information, it would have gone to Dr. Nancy Weiss for explaining that the term means "a thrombus that occurred while the person was living". Unfortunately, Nancy did not post an answer.
Regarding the word vital, it could not be explained as critical in reference to a thrombus, because when used as "critical", "vital" can only mean "critical to life", i.e. a person could die without it. It is not possible to use "vital" as "fatal" or "life threatening", nor can a deep vein clot be important for life.
It is worth noting that semantic precision is of the highest importance here because this is a forensic report. The difference in nuances will most certainly make a difference in determining time and cause of death, potentially making a legal case go one way or another in court. The possible consequences speak for themselves. In this respect, the term "حيوي" was the critical term here and was the reason the question was posted in the first place.
Thanks again for everyone who tried to help, and to Dr. Nancy Weiss for leading us to the right answer.
Yes, I think we nailed it, Nancy. Although you did not actually suggest a KudoZ term, but you were instrumental in reaching the correct term. That's in addition to the additional useful info your provided. I really appreciate it.
I guess so Alaa, as they are all descriptive terms of the color, shape.. of the clot. Also 'ante-mortem', generally speaking refers to all injuries that are inflected in the body before death, same as 'حيوي' which refers to injuries or signs of injuries inflected before death, versus 'غير حيوي'. I'm not sure if you could use 'agonal thrombus', as it is a purely forensic term, and probably add a short footnote to explain that in Arabic it refers to..this is actually a clue to know how many days passed after injury and before death. All the best Alaa
-------------------------------------------------- Note added at 17 mins (2016-04-13 21:54:35 GMT) --------------------------------------------------
Chakib Roula Algeria Local time: 10:55 Native speaker of: Arabic, French PRO pts in category: 4
Notes to answerer
Asker: Thanks. Thrombosis is clear, what is not clear is "vital thrombosis". Could you provide a reference, or at least an explanation for vital thrombosis.
(BTW, our term would actually be thrombus, not thrombosis.)
Asker: Thanks for the attempt, Chakib, but if you have followed the discussion with Dr. Nancy Weiss, that discussion led to the correct term based on her accurate explanation of the meaning.
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